Too-vigorous tooth cleaning or wearing dentures that don’t fit properly can both result in occasional bleeding in the gums. Additionally, persistent gum bleeding may be a sign of more serious disorders, such as:
- (A more severe kind of gum disease) Periodontitis
- Leukemia is a blood malignancy
- Decrease of platelets due to vitamin insufficiency
Dental issues that may result in bleeding in the gums
Gum bleeding is typically caused by dental care concerns. Your gums become sensitive and prone to bleeding when you have periodontitis or gingivitis, an infection of the gums.
When plaque is left on gum lines for too long, gingivitis is most commonly developed. The dirt and bacteria that adhere to your teeth are referred to as plaque. Plaque is removed by brushing your teeth, which also helps you avoid getting cavities (dental caries). However, if you don’t brush and floss properly, plaque may continue to accumulate along your gum line. Plaque can become tartar (calculus) if it is not removed, which will cause more bleeding. Additionally, plaque buildup close to your gums might result in gingivitis.
Gingivitis signs and symptoms include:
- swollen gums
- discomfort in the mouth and the gums
- bluish gums
When gingivitis progresses, periodontal disease (periodontitis) might develop. An infection of the gums, jawbone, and connective tissues between your teeth and gums is known as periodontal disease. Your teeth may get loose or even fall off if you have periodontitis.
Deficits in vitamins
Deficits in vitamin C and vitamin K can also make gums easily bleed. If you experience bleeding gums that aren’t the result of poor dental hygiene, ask your doctor to check your levels of vitamins C and K. Additionally, consume both nutrients in your diet to make sure you’re getting the vitamins you need to stay healthy.
Vitamin C-rich foods include:
- citrus juices and fruit
- broccoli strawberries tomatoes
- bell peppers
Foods rich in vitamin K include:
- Swiss chard
- mustard greens
- canola oil
- olive oil
Causes of bleeding in the gums
Denture wearers may occasionally develop bleeding gums. When dentures fit too tightly, this is more likely to happen. If dentures or other oral appliances are making your gums bleed, consult a dentist or orthodontist. To make a mouthpiece that fits more comfortably, they might need to take fresh impressions.
Gum bleeding frequently occurs because of pregnancy. The hormone adjustments that take place during pregnancy can make the gums more sensitive. Gum bleeding is also more likely in those with bleeding diseases including haemophilia and leukaemia. If you take blood-thinning medicine, your gums may bleed more frequently. Warfarin, aspirin, and heparin are among the medications in this class.
Treatment for gum bleeding
The first step in treating bleeding gums is practising good oral hygiene.
To clean your teeth professionally, see the dentist twice a year. Your dentist will inform you whether you have gingivitis and instruct you on how to properly brush your teeth. Doctors can remove plaque from your gum line. Your chance of acquiring periodontal disease lessens by brushing and flossing properly.
To reduce plaque buildup in your mouth, your dentist might also demonstrate how to use an antimicrobial mouthwash. Additionally, a warm salt water treatment can aid to calm swollen, readily bleedable gums.
Apply a gentle toothbrush. Particularly if you feel bleeding after brushing your teeth, it will be mild on swollen gums. For your delicate gums, medium-hard bristles may be too harsh.
Another option to think about is an electric toothbrush. These toothbrushes can make it easier for you to clean your gum line than a manual toothbrush because of their particularly designed brush heads.