A tooth infection is a serious health problem if it leaves untreated.
One of the most common complicated tooth infections is that which causes facial swelling due to the spread of bacteria into surrounding tissues and glands of the face.
Causes of tooth infection and facial swelling
Bacteria cause tooth infection. when bacteria enter into the tooth through a cavity or crack or infected gum or some other kind of damage. These bacteria multiply and spread into the tooth, which leads to infection. The facial swelling caused due to the spread of infection into the surrounding tissues and glands of the face, such as the parotid gland ( located into the front and below the ear) and the submandibular gland (located under the jaws). In severe cases, the infection gets into the sinus called the maxillary sinus, which is on checks and can be dangerous for the eyes and then the brain. If it can not be treated on time, it can damage the eye or brain, too, if this infection gets into the facial sinus.
Symptoms of tooth infection and facial swelling
These symptoms are include
- Pain or sensitivity in the infected tooth
- Redness and swelling around the infected tooth
- Swelling on the face, especially around the cheeks or jaw
- Pain in the ear or around the ear
- Difficulty in opening the mouth
- Pain when eating or chewing
- Pus discharge from the infected tooth
The most effective treatment for a tooth infection and face swelling is to deal with the root cause of the infection, which is typically the infected tooth.
The treatment options for an infected tooth are
- Antibiotics: that kill the bacteria which cause the infection
- Darainage: removing pus from an infected area
- Root canal therapy: removing infected tissue from the inside of the infected tooth and sealing it to prevent further infections
- Pull out the infected tooth: if the infection gets severe, the infected tooth may need to be removed
Prevention of tooth infection and face swelling
It is important to practice good oral hygiene and visit the dentist for regular check-ups and cleaning to prevent tooth infections, facial swelling, or other kinds of tooth damage. For cleaning, it is important to brush your teeth twice a day using your mouthwash and avoid eating sugary food and drinks. In addition, it is important to take care of your teeth from injury damage by wearing a mouth guard while playing sports and avoiding biting hard things.
Tooth infection and facial swelling can be a critical issue that requires proper treatment. If you feel that you have a tooth infection, you should visit near dentist as soon as possible to prevent infection that spreads and causes further issues. Practicing good oral hygiene and seeking treatment will prevent tooth infections and facial swelling and can maintain overall oral health.