To treat inflamed gums and remove tartar, you could require teeth scaling and root planing if you develop a serious gum condition called periodontitis. These thorough cleaning techniques remove tartar that has built up on the surfaces and roots of your teeth. The procedures assist in preserving your smile and avert bone, gum, and tooth loss.
Plaque, a sticky layer of germs, is what causes gum disease. Your teeth constantly develop plaque, but if it isn’t removed thoroughly, the bacteria in it can cause gum inflammation. Your gums will move away from your teeth in this situation, creating what is known as a pocket. Plaque then becomes stuck in these pockets and is unable to be eliminated by routine brushing. Gum disease may result in bone and tooth loss if left untreated.
A professional cleaning should suffice if gum disease is detected early and hasn’t already harmed the structures beneath the gum line. Nevertheless, scaling and root planing can be required if your gum and tooth pockets are too deep.
What are teeth scaling and root planing?
Deep cleaning is another name for scaling and root planing in dentistry. Tartar (hardened minerals) that can attach to your teeth is removed during the treatment. If you have periodontitis, you might require these treatments (advanced gum disease).
Tartar buildup on the teeth’s visible surfaces is removed during tooth scaling. Tartar from the tooth roots below the gum line is removed by root planning.
Who carries out teeth scaling and root planing on teeth?
These gum disease treatments are provided by dentists and periodontists (gum disease specialists). A dental hygienist usually performs the operation. During the same dental appointment, root planning and scaling of the teeth are done. To treat all of your teeth, you’ll typically require more than one appointment.
Around 50 percent of Adults over 30 have periodontal disease in some form. As you age, your chance of getting periodontitis rises. It affects around 3 out of 4 persons over 65.
Periodontitis risk factors include:
- Gum disease runs in the family (genetics).
- diseases include arthritis, diabetes, and heart disease.
- hormone alterations linked to oral health, as those brought on by some birth control methods or pregnancy gingivitis.
- dental fillings with defects or bridges that are improperly fitted.
- crooked or overbites teeth (malocclusion).
- oral hygiene issues.
What Takes Place During Process
Two steps make up this thorough cleaning. When your dentist does a scaling procedure, they take out all of the plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) above and below the gum line, making sure to clean the whole mouth, including the bottom of the pocket. The next step in root planning is to smooth out the teeth’s roots to aid in the gums’ ability to reattach to the teeth. In addition to requiring a topical anesthetic, scaling and root planing may take more than one appointment to complete.
You can have discomfort for one or two days and sensitivity in your teeth for up to a week following a deep cleaning. Moreover, your gums could be swollen, painful, and bleeding.
Your dentist might suggest a medication or mouthwash to help you recuperate, decrease discomfort, or avoid infection. Also, your dentist might place a dose of subantimicrobial doxycycline right into the cleansed pocket.
To assess the extent of your gums’ healing and gauge the size of your pockets, your dentist will arrange a follow-up appointment. Further treatment could be required if they have subsided.
To prevent gum disease from getting worse or recurring, good dental hygiene at home is crucial. Use a gentle brush to clean your teeth twice daily.